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Full text of "The Dabistan"

Aid, " a feast/7 Is the knowledge of God. Kurban,
"sacrificing"* (killing victims), denotes annihilating
the brutal spirit. Rozah, cc fasting,"2 has three
degrees. The first degree is guarding the belly and
the sexual organs from what is improper; the se-
cond degree is guarding one's self from unbecoming
words and deeds; the third degree is guarding the
heart from whatever is contrary to God. Jahad,
" holy war upon unbelievers," signifies combating
the spirit of deceit. Mmnen, " right faith/' implies
adherence to whatever is essential to the true wor-
ship of God, and tendency to it by any way which
God wills, for—

" The road towards the idols is formed of the great number of sighs of
" the creatures."

The lord Ain ul-Kazat said, he has learned upon

1  The immolation of an animal in honor of the Eternal on the pre-
scribed day is of canonical obligation: every Museiman, free, settled, and
in easy circumstances, is bound to offer in sacrifice a sheep, an ox, or a
camel.   Several persons, to the number of seven, may associate for such
a purpose.   To this is added the distribution of alms to the poor, con-
sisting of killing one or more animals, sheep, lambs, goats, to be dressed,
a part of which is tasted by the sacrificer and his family, and the rest
given to the poor.    (Ibid., t. II. p. 425.

2  Fasting, with the Muhammedans, imposes an entire abstinence from
all food whatever, and a perfect continence during the whole day from
the first canonical hour of morning, which begins at day-break, until
sunset.   There are different sorts of fasts; canonical, satisfactory, expia-
tory, votive, and supererogatory.  Each of them, although determined by
different motives, requires, nevertheless, the same abstinence during the
whole day.—(Ibid., t. III. p. 1).