The writer of these pages heard from the durvish Sabjani that the Hindus and other nations, having formed and adored as Gods various different images, this is founded upon the fact, that eminent persons among them were impressed with manifestations; and in such a manner the ten avatars became the counterfeits of these manifestations; some of the avatars held themselves to be divinities, because they have been the masters of these manifestations; that the Jews and other nations acknowledge God under bodily forms proceeds from the like manifes- tations. Besides, that Pharaoh declared himself to be a God, comes from a like manifestation :l because Pharaoh, under his own form had seen God; on that account the lord Imam Miiheddin Shaikh Mahi- eddin, in some of his compositions, exhibited proofs of Pharaoh's religion, and rendered this personage 1 The name of Pharaoh occurs several times in this work; but the cha- racter of this personage is viewed in a diilerent light by the sectarians of Muhararaedism. In the Koran he appears nearly as in the Bible of the Jews, with regard to Moses and the Israelites, cruel, tyrannical, presump- tuous, and perishing in the Red Sea: not without having before acknow- ledged their God, and confessed his sins. But some Sufis see and admire in the impious daring of Pharaoh the omnipotence of his power, and adduce, in favor of their opinion, passages from some of their most cele- brated philosophers. Indeed Jelaleddiri represents Pharaoh equal to Moses. Sahel Ibn Abd-ullah of Shostr says, that the secret of the soul was first revealed when Pharaoh declared himself a God. Ghazali sees in his temerity nothing else but the most noble aspiration to the divine, innate in the human mind.