277 after separation from their bodies, go to the world of angels. The saints are.directed by the interpreta- tion of the Koran, and the vulgar people by the commentary upon both. Some maintain that the Saints do not subject themselves to it, but are tena- cious only of this verse: " Adore God, thy Lord, until attaining certitude (himself)." The Shaikh Najem eddin Kabra1 said: When dis- tinguished persons abandon the ceremonies of the worship, this means that these ceremonies which are performed by prescription, are contrary to them, because in worship no difficulty or inconvenience is to take place, but only joy and pleasure to be derived from it. The lord Said Muhammed Nurbakhsh says, in the account of apparitions : The difference between baroz, " apparition," and tandsokh, '* transmigra- 44 tion," is this : that the latter is the arrival of the soul, when it has separated from one body to take possession of another, in the embryo which is fit the passage just quoted, Silvestrc de Sacy thinks the perfect man is equal to the first intelligence.—The book of things obliterated and of *' things written, the world of transitory things, in which life and death " succeed each other."—The universal soul is an emanation of the divi- nity, subordinate to the first and universal intelligence. 1 Najem-eddin Abu 'l-Jenab Ahmed, son of Omar, was a celebrated Sufi, who formed a great number of disciples. He was surnamed Kobra, " great," on account of his superior knowledge. He died in the year of the HejiratrlS (A. I>. 4221).