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i683                               JOHN EVELYJSr                               i79

required were as follows: that they should tieithef elect
mayor, sheriffs; aldermen, recorder, common Serjeant
town clerk, coroner, nor steward of Southwark, without
his Majesty's approbation; and that if they presented any
his Majesty did not like, they .should proceed in wonted
manner to a second choice; if that was disapproved, his
Majesty to nominate them; and if within five days they
thought good to assent to this, all former miscarriages
should be forgotten. And so they tamely parted with
their so ancient privileges after they had dined and been
treated by the King. This was a signal and most
remarkable period. What the consequences will prove,
time will show. Divers of the old and most learned
lawyers and judges were of opinion that they could not
forfeit their charter, but might be personally punished
for their misdemeanors; but the plurality of the younger
judges and rising men judged it otherwise.

The Popish Plot also, which had hitherto made such a
noise, began now sensibly to dwindle, through the folly,
knavery, impudence, and giddiness of Gates, so as the
Papists began to hold up their heads higher than ever,
and those who had fled, flocked to London from abroad.
Such sudden changes and eager doings there had been
without anything steady or prudent^ for these last seven

ipth June, 1683. I returned to town in a coach with
the Earl of Clarendon, when passing by the glorious
palace of his father, built but a few years before, which
they were now demolishing, being sold to certain under-
takers, I turned my head the contrary way till the coach
had gone past it, lest I might minister occasion of speak-
ing of it; which must needs have grieved him, that in so
short a time their pomp was fallen.

28th June, 1683. After the Popish Plot, there was now
a new and (as they called it) a Protestant Plot discovered,
that certain Lords and others should design the assassi-
nation of the King and the Duke as they were to come
from Newmarket, with a general rising of the nation, and
especially of the city of London, disaffected to the pres-
ent Government. Upon which were committed to the
Tower, the Lord Russell, eldest son of the Earl of Bed-
ford, the Earl of Essex, Mr. Algernon Sidney, son to the
pld Earl of Leicester, Mr. Trenchard, Hampden, Lordf Parliament in milk up to the knees, mademmodiouslyh expectation