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JOHN EVELYN                               rg3

and not stirring without double guards; all the avenues
and private doors about Whitehall and the Park shut
up, few admitted to walk in it. The Papists, in the
meantime, very jocund; and indeed with reason seeing
their own plot brought to nothing, and turned to ridi-
cule, and now a conspiracy of Protestants, as they called

The Turks were likewise in hostility against the Ger-
man Emperor, almost masters of the Upper Hungary,
and drawing toward Vienna. On the other side, the
French King (who it is believed brought in the infidels)
disturbing his Spanish and Dutch neighbors, having swal-
lowed up almost all Flanders, pursuing his ambition of
a fifth universal monarchy; and all this blood and disorder
in Christendom had evidently its rise from our defections
at home, in a wanton peace, minding nothing but luxury,
ambition, and to procure money for our vices. To this
add our irreligion and atheism, great ingratitude, and
self-interest; the apostacy of some, and the suffering
the French to grow so great, and the Hollanders so
weak. In a word, we were wanton, mad, and surfeiting
with prosperity; every moment unsettling the old foun-
dations, and never constant to anything. The Lord in
mercy avert the sad omen, and that we do not provoke
him till he bear it no longer!

This summer did we suffer twenty French men-of-war
to pass our Channel toward the Sound, to help the Danes
against the Swedes, who had abandoned the French in-
terest, we not having ready sufficient to guard our coasts,
or take cognizance of what they did; though the nation
never had more, or a better navy, yet the sea had never
so slender a fleet.

i pth July, 1683. George, Prince of Denmark, who had
landed this day, came to marry the Lady Anne, daughter
to the Duke; so I returned home, having seen the young
gallant at dinner at Whitehall.

aoth July, 1683. Several of the conspirators of the
lower form were executed at Tyburn; and the next day,

2ist July, 1683. Lord Russell was beheaded in Lin-
coln's Inn Fields, the executioner giving him three butch-
erly strokes. The speech he made, and the paper which
he gave the Sheriff declaring his innocence, the nobleness
of the family, the piety and worthiness of the unhappyspiracy; his Majesty Tery melancholy,, eighth Earl of Northumherland, shot himself in the