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1683                              JOHN EVELYN                                191

Howard of Escrick, and some sheets of paper taken in
Mr. Sidney's study, pretended to be written by him, but
not fully proved, nor the time when, but appearing" to
have been written before his Majesty's Restoration, and
then pardoned by the Act of Oblivion; so that though
Mr. Sidney was known to be a person obstinately averse
to government by a monarch (the subject of the paper
was in answer to one by Sir E. Filmer), yet it was
thought he had very hard measure. There is this yet
observable, that he had been an inveterate enemy to
the last king, and in actual rebellion against him; a
man of great courage, great sense, great parts, which
he showed both at his trial and death; for, when he came
on the scaffold, instead of a speech, he told them only
that he had made his peace with God, that he came not
thither to talk, but to die; put a paper into the sheriff's
hand, and another into a friend's; said one prayer as
short as a grace, laid down his neck, and bid the execu-
tioner do his office.

The Duke of Monmouth, now having his pardon, re-
fuses to acknowledge there was any treasonable plot; for
which he is banished Whitehall. This is a great dis-
appointment to some who had prosecuted Trenchard,
Hampden, etc., that for want of a second witness were
come out of the Tower upon their habeas corpus.

The King had now augmented his guards with a new
sort of dragoons, who carried also grenades, and were
habited after the Polish manner, with long peaked caps,
very fierce and fantastical.

yth December, 1683. I went to the Tower, and visited
the Earl of Danby, the late Lord High Treasurer, who
had been imprisoned four years: he received me with
great kindness. I dined with him, and stayed till night.
We had discourse of many things, his Lady railing
sufficiently at the keeping her husband so long in prison.
Here I saluted the Lord Dumblaine's wife, who before
had been married to Emerton, and about whom there
was that scandalous business before the delegates.

23d December, 1683. The smallpox very prevalent and
mortal; the Thames frozen.

26th December, 1683. I dined at Lord Clarendon's,
where I was to meet that ingenious and learned gentle-
man, Sir George Wheeler rwho has published the excellentster of a man, Lordors of Hercules, fight with the Centaurs,