DIARY OF LONDON
parties to it, as the reading of it in church in time of
divine service amounted to.
The King was so far incensed at this address, that he
with threatening expressions commanded them to obey
him in reading it at their perils, and so dismissed them.
soth May, 1688. I went to Whitehall Chapel, where,
after the morning lessons, the Declaration was read by
one of the choir who used to read the chapters. I hear
it was in the Abbey Church, Westminster, but almost
universally forborne throughout all London: the conse-
quences of which a little time will show.
25th May, 1688. All the discourse now was about the
Bishops refusing to read the injunction for the abolition
of the Test, etc. It seems the injunction came so crudely
from the Secretary's office, that it was neither sealed nor
signed in form, nor had any lawyer been consulted, so as
the Bishops who took all imaginable advice, put the
Court to great difficulties how to proceed against them.
Great were the consults, and a proclamation was expected
all this day; but nothing was done. The action of the
Bishops was universally applauded, and reconciled many
adverse parties, Papists only excepted, who were now
exceedingly perplexed, and violent courses were every
moment expected. Report was, that the Protestant
secular Lords and Nobility would abet the Clergy.
The Queen Dowager, hitherto bent on her return into
Portugal, now on the sudden, on allegation of a great
debt owing her by his Majesty disabling her, declares her
resolution to stay.
News arrived of the most prodigious earthquake that
was almost ever heard of, subverting the city of Lima
and country in Peru, with a dreadful inundation following it.
8th June, 1688. This day, the Archbishop of Canter-
bury, with the Bishops of Ely, Chichester, St. Asaph,
Bristol, Peterborough, and Bath and Wells, were sent from
the Privy Council prisoners to the Tower, for refusing to
give bail for their appearance, on their not reading the
Declaration for liberty of conscience; they refused to give
bail, as it would have prejudiced their peerage. The con-
cern of the people for them was wonderful, infinite crowds
on their knees begging their blessing, and praying for
them, as they passed out of the barge along the Tower
wharf.hn Trelawny, Bartd well