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DIARY OF                         LONDON

last going away, save that infinite crowds of people
thronged to see her, and that she went to our prayers.
This carriage was censured by many. She seems to be
of a good nature, and that she takes nothing to heart:
while the Prince, her husband, has a thoughtful counte-
nance, is wonderfully serious and silent, and seems to treat
all persons alike gravely, and to be very intent on affairs:
Holland, Ireland, and France calling for his care.

Divers Bishops and Noblemen are not at all satisfied
with this so sudden assumption of the Crown, without any
previous sending, and offering some conditions to the ab-
sent King; or on his not returning, or not assenting to
those conditions, to have proclaimed him Regent; but
the major part of both Houses prevailed to make them
King and Queen immediately, and a crown was tempt-
ing. This was opposed and spoken against with such
veheinence by Lord Clarendon (her own uncle), that it
put him by all preferment, which must doubtless have
been as great as could have been given him. My Lord
of Rochester, his brother, overshot himself, by the same
carriage and stiffness, which their friends thought they
might have well spared when they saw how it was like
to be overruled, and that it had been sufficient to have
declared their dissent with less passion, acquiescing in
due time.

The Archbishop of Canterbury and some of the rest,
on scruple of conscience and to salve the oaths they had
taken, entered their protests and hung off, especially the
Archbishop, who had not all this while so much as ap-
peared out of Lambeth. This occasioned the wonder of
many who observed with what zeal they contributed to
the Prince's expedition, and all the while also rejecting
any proposals of sending again to the absent King; that
they should now raise scruples, and such as created
much division among the people, greatly rejoicing the
old courtiers, and especially the Papists.

Another objection was, the invalidity of what was done
by a convention only, and the as yet unabrogated laws;
this drew them to make themselves on the 226. [Feb-
ruary] a Parliament, the new King passing the act with
the crown on his head. The lawyers disputed, but ne-
cessity prevailed, the government requiring a speedy
settlement.ve taken place at Court since her