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1690                            JOHN EVELYN

us many particulars of Scotland, the present sad condi-
tion of it, the inveterate hatred which the Presbyterians
show to the family of the Stuarts, and the exceeding
tyranny of those bigots who acknowledge no superior on
earth, in civil or divine matters, maintaining that the
people only have the right of government; their implaca-
ble hatred to the Episcopal Order and Church of Eng-
land. He observed that the first Presbyterian dissents
from our discipline were introduced by the Jesuits' order,
about the 20 of Queen Elizabeth, a famous Jesuit among
them feigning himself a Protestant, and who was the first
who began to pray extempore, and brought in that which
chey since called, and are still so fond of, praying by
the Spirit. This Jesuit remained many years before he
was discovered, afterward died in Scotland, where he
was buried at ... having yet on his monument,
* Rosa inter spinas.J)

nth March, 1690. I went again to see Mr. Charlton's
curiosities, both of art and nature, and his full and rare
collection of medals, which taken altogether, in all kinds,
is doubtless one of the most perfect assemblages of rar-
ities that can be any where seen. I much admired the
contortions of the Thea root, which was so perplexed,
large, and intricate, and withal hard as box, that it was
wonderful to consider. The French have landed in Ire-

16th March,  1690.    A public fast.

24th May, 1690. City charter restored. Divers ex-
empted from pardon.

4th June, 1690. King William set forth on his Irish
expedition, leaving the Queen Regent.

xoth June, 1690. Mr. Pepys read to me his Remon-
strance, showing with what malice and injustice he was
suspected with Sir Anthony Deane about the timber, of
which the thirty ships were built by a late Act of Par-
liament, with the exceeding danger which the fleet would
shortly be in, by reason of the tyranny and incompetency
of those who now managed the Admiralty and affairs of
the Navy, of which he gave an accurate state, and showed
his great ability.

18th June, 1690. Fast day. Visited the Bishop of St.
Asaph; his conversation was on the Vaudois in Savoy,
who had been thought so near destruction and finalted to