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1695-96                       JOHN EVELYN

ing given occasion to the levy of ship money was perhaps
the cause of all the after troubles to this day. An earth-
quake in Dorsetshire by Portland, or rather a sinking of
the ground suddenly for a large space, near the quarries
of stone, hindering the conveyance of that material for
the finishing St. Paul's.

23d   February,   1696.    They  now began to  coin new

26th February,  1696.    There was now a conspiracy of
about thirty knights, gentlemen, captains, many of them
Irish and English Papists, and Nonjurors or Jacobites (so
called), to murder King William on the first opportunity
of his going either from   Kensington, or to  hunting, or
to the chapel; and upon signal of fire to be given from
Dover   Cliff   to   Calais,   an  invasion  was   designed.    In
order to it there was a great army in readiness, men-of-
war and transports, to join a general insurrection here,
the Duke of Berwick having secretly come to London to
head   them, King James   attending at  Calais   with   the
French army.    It was discovered by some of their own
party.    ^"1,000 reward was offered to whoever could ap-
prehend   any  of  the   thirty named.    Most of those who
were engaged in it, were taken and secured.    The Parlia-
ment,  city, and all the  nation, congratulate  the  discov-
ery ; and votes and resolutions were passed that, if King
William should ever be assassinated, it should be revenged
on the Papists and party through the nation; an Act  of
Association   drawing up to empower the  Parliament to
sit on any such  accident, till the  Crown should be dis-
posed of according to the late settlement at the Revolu-
tion.    All Papists, in the meantime, to be banished ten
miles from London.    This put the nation into an incred-
ible disturbance and general animosity against the French
King  and King James.    The  militia of the  nation was
raised,  several regiments were sent for out of Flanders,
and all things  put in a posture  to encounter a descent.
This was so timed by the enemy, that while we  were
already much discontented by the greatness of the taxes,
and corruption of the money, etc., we  had like to have
had   very   few  men-of-war near   our coasts;  but so it
pleased God that Admiral Rooke wanting a wind to pur-
sue his voyage to the Straits, that squadron, with others
at Portsmouth, and other places, were still in the Channely [in St. Martin's]; and setens to in-