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17oo                          JOHN EVELYN

man  had  a catechism, which  was  continued   for   some

July, 1700. I was visited with illness, but it pleased
God that I recovered, for which praise be ascribed to him
by me, and that he has again so graciously advertised
me of my duty to prepare for my latter end, which at
my great age, cannot be far off.

The Duke of Gloucester, son of the Princess Anne of
Denmark, died of the smallpox.

13th July, 1700. I went to Marden, which was origin-
ally a "barren warren bought by Sir Robert Clayton, who
built there a pretty house, and made such alteration by
planting not only an infinite store of the best fruit; but
so changed the natural situation of the hill, valleys,
and solitary mountains about it, that it rather repre-
sented some foreign country, which would produce spon-
taneously pines, firs, cypress, yew, holly, and juniper;
they were come to their perfect growth, with walks,
mazes, etc., among them, and were preserved with the
utmost care, so that I who had seen it some years before
in its naked and barren condition, was in admiration of it.
The land was bought of Sir John Evelyn, of Godstone,
and was thus improved for pleasure and retirement by
the vast charge and industry of this opulent citizen. He
and his lady received us with great civility. The tombs
in the church at Croydon of Archbishops Grindal, Whit-
gift, and other Archbishops, are fine and venerable; "but
none comparable to that of the late Archbishop Sheldon,
which, being all of white marble, and of a stately ordi-
nance and carvings, far surpassed the rest, and I judge
could not cost less than ^700 or ^800.

aoth September, 1700. I went to Beddington,the ancient
seat of the Carews, in my remembrance a noble old struc-
ture, capacious, and in form of the buildings of the age
of Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth, and proper for the
old English hospitality, but now decaying with the house
itself, heretofore adorned with ample gardens, and the
first orange trees* that had been seen in England,
planted in the open ground, and secured in winter
only by a tabernacle of boards and stoves removable in
summer, that, standing 120 years, large and goodly trees,

* Oranges were eaten in this kingdom mttcli earlier than the time of
James I.

23    '       ',    ' '.'   ''; .,   .'       /.'     , ''   " ' Portsmouth, and other places, were still in the Channely [in St. Martin's]; and setens to in-