THE HISTORY OF METHODS 41 of exceptional conditions, as these were, for the San Lorenzo •Quarter came into existence as a consequence of the displacement of population which had followed the War of Independence in Italy, when crowds flocked unexpectedly into Rome as being the capital. Here we have then the meaning of my teaching experiment, carried on for two years in the Children's House. It represents the results of a series of trials made by me in educating young children according to new methods. It certainly is not a matter of the pure and simple application of Seguin's method to infant schools, such as anyone could find out by consulting that author's works; it is nevertheless true that under these two years of experi- menting there lies an experimental basis which goes back to the time of the French Revolution and which includes the assiduous labours of Seguin and Itard. As for me, thirty years after Seguin's second publication, I took up again the ideas, and, if I may venture to say so, the work of this author, with the same enthusiastic feeling with which he had inherited the ideas and the work of his master Itard, who died in his filial care. For ten years I experi- mented practically and meditated on the work of these distinguished men who had sacrificed themselves, leaving to humanity the most fruitful proofe of their obscure heroism. To my ten years of study there may also be added the forty years of the work of Itard and Seguin. There had already been spent fifty years of active pre- paration, distributed over more than a century of time, before this trial was attempted, so short apparently, of only two years; I do not think that I am making a mistake in saying that it represents the succession of labours of three doctors who, from Itard to myself, took the first steps in the paths of psychiatry. NOTE—This group of children not only received an education but they furnished surprising revelations- which roused interest throughput the whole .world, and the Children's House became a centre of pilgrimage for people from all countries, especially from America. Today there have been founded in India Children's Houses in the desert of Rajputana, where camels and dromedaries are numerous and still form the only means of communica- tion between the villages, and carry visitors to the Children's Houses.