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INAUGURAL ADDRESS                        53

attitude taken in his home, he will be sent back to bis parents, to
thus teach them how to take advantage of their good opport-
unities. Those who give themselves to low-living, fighting and
brutality, shall feel upon them the weight of those little lives, so
needing care. They shall feel that they themselves have once more
cast into the darkness of neglect those little creatures who are the
dearest part of the family. In other words, the parents must learn
to deserve the benefit of having within the house the great advan-
tage of a school for their little ones.

" Good-will/' a willingness to meet the demands of the Asso-
ciation is enough, for the directress is ready and willing to teach
them how. The regulations say that the mother must go at least
once a week to confer with the directress, giving an account of
her child, and accepting any helpful advice which the directress
may be able to give. The advice thus given will undoubtedly
prove most illuminating in regard to the child's health and educa-
tion, since to each of the " Children's Houses" is assigned a
physician as well as a directress.

The directress is always at the disposition, of the mothers, and
her life, as a cultured and educated person, is a constant example
to the inhabitants of the house, for she is obliged to live in the
tenement and to be therefore a co-habitant with the families of
all her little pupils. This is a fact of immense importance. Among
these almost savage people, into these houses where at night no
one dared to go about unarmed, there has come not only to teach,
but to live the very life they live, a gentlewoman of culture, an
educator by profession, who dedicates her time and her life to
helping those about her: a true missionary, a moral queen among
the people, she may, if she be possessed of sufficient tact and heart,
reap an unheard of harvest of good from her social work.

This house is verily new; it would seem a dream impossible
of realization, but it has been tried. It is true that there have been
before this attempts made by generous persons to go and live
among the poor to civilize them. But such work is not practical,
unless the house of the poor is hygienic, making it possible for