58 THE DISCOVERY OF THE CHILD
of the children has some contagious disease, and needs to be isolat-
ed from the others? Often such a family may have no kindred or
friends in the city to whom the other children may be sent.
Much more distant, but not impossible, is the community
kitchen, where the dinner ordered in the morning is sent at the
proper time, by means of a dumb-waiter, to the family dining-
room. Indeed, this has been successfully tried in America. Such
a reform would be of the greatest advantage to those families of
the middle class who must confide their health and their pleasures
of the table to the hands of an ignorant servant who ruins the food.
At present, the only alternative in such cases is to go outside the
home to some cafe where a cheap table d'hote may be had.
Indeed, the transformation of the house must compensate for
the loss in the family of the presence of the woman who has become
a social wage-earner.
In this way the house will become a centre, drawing unto
itself all those good things which have hitherto been lacking:
schools, public baths, hospitals, etc.
Thus the tendency will be to change the tenement houses,,
which have been places of vice and peril, into centres of education*
of refinement, of comfort. This will be helped if, besides the
schools for the children, there may grow up also clubs and reading-
rooms for the inhabitants, especially for the men, who will find
there a way to pass the evening pleasantly and decently. The
tenement-club, as possible and as useful in all social classes as is
the " Children's House," will do much towards closing the gamb-
ling-houses and saloons, to the great moral advantage of the
people. And I believe that the Association of Good Building
will before long establish such clubs in its reformed tenements here
in the Quarter of San Lorenzo: clubs where the tenants may find
newspapers and books, and wtnre they may hear simple and
We are, then, very far from the dreaded dissolution of the
home and of the family, through the fact that the woman has.
been forced by changed social and economic conditions to give