TEACHING METHODS 75 reveal to us needs and aptitudes which remain hidden and repressed when there does not exist an environment which allows free scope for their spontaneous activity. It is essential that together with, an observer there should exist something to be observed; and if it is necessary that the observer should be trained to see and to recog- nize the truth, it is, on the other hand, also necessary to prepare conditions which render possible the manifestation of the natural characteristics of the children.) This last part of the problem, which no one had yet taken into consideration, seemed to me the one which was supremely important, and the one most directly connected with education, seeing that it relates to the active life of the child. I began then by getting manufactured school equipment which was made in proportion to the child and which provided for his need to move about intelligently. I had constructed little tables of various shapes, which would be quite steady but which would be extremely light so that two children, four years old, could carry them easily. I had also madfr small seats, some straw-bottomed, others of wood, light and with some attempt at elegance; they were not a small version of seats for adults but were made in proportion to the child's body. In addition I ordered little wooden armchairs with wide arms, and also wicker-work armchairs. There were also included small square tables for one person, as well as tables with larger dimensions, which were covered with little white cloths and decorated with vases of flowers and foliage. Part of the equipment consisted of a wash-bowl placed so low down that it was accessible to a child thfee~or four years old; it had its side ledges, all white and wash- able, to hold soap, brushes and towels. The side-boards were low, light and very""simple. Some were closed in by a simple curtain, others had doors each of which closed with a different key, the fastening being within the reach of the child's hand so that he caa open and close them and place objects within the compartments. On the top of the long, narrow side-board was spread a white linen cloth,, on which was placed a bowl containing live fish, or other ornaments..