EDUCATION IN MOVEMENT 125 child walks on it, placing the foot completely on the line, so that the line lies along the axis of the flat part of the foot. The exact placing of the foot is the first point which has to be shown; the toe and the heel must both be on the line. Moving the feet forward in this position, as anyone can prove, gives the impression of falling. That means that an effort has to be made in order to preserve equilibrium. When the child is beginning to be sure of his walking power, he is taught to overcome another difficulty; the feet have to advance in such a way that the foremost is planted with the heel in contact with the toe of the other foot. The- exercise not only demands an effort to maintain balance, but it exacts from the child the closest attention in order that the feet may be placed in the position required. There results from this the ordinary utilization of that instinct which everyone has noticed in children, the desire to walk on a plank or any narrow bar; and that explains the keen interest which little children take in our exercises on the line, and in the development of them which has- taken place in our schools. A mistress plays the pianoforte or a violin or a small organ; not to get the children to walk according to a musical rhythm, but to give some animation to the movement, so useful when one has- to make an effort. CONCURRENT EXERCISES In all our schools there is today, as part of the standard apparatus, a stand to which are attached many different little- banners, all attractive because of their bright colours. It is well known how much the children like to hold them in their hands.. Those walking on the line, directly after they have overcome their first difficulties and acquired equilibrium, may take one of the little flags, provided they can hold it aloft. If they do not pay great attention to controlling the arm, the flag will drop little by little. Attention therefore has to be divided between controlling the feet^. which have to be placed without fail on the line, and guiding the arm which holds up the banner.