THE SPEECH OF THE CHILD 307 That which develops later, the higher language, the dictorium, does not originate in the mechanism of language, but in intellectual development which makes use of mechanical language.1 As spoken language is developed by exercising the mechanism of it and is enriched with perceptions, the dictorium is developed FIG. 4 with the mind, and is enriched with intellectual education. Referring back to the language diagram, fig. 4, we see that above the arc standing for the lower language there is placed the dictorium D, from which there now issue the motor impulses for the word which is established as spoken language fitted to express the thought of the intelligent man. Up till now, owing to preconceived ideas, it has been thought that written language must be acquired only through the develop- ment of the dictorium as a means fitted to secure culture and to permit the grammatical analysis and the construction of language. Remembering that " spoken words fly away/ it is admitted that intellectual culture can advance only with the aid of a language which is stable, objective, and capable of being analysed, as is written language. But why do we, who recognize the precious written language as an indispensable factor of intellectual education because it fixes the ideas of men and permits the analysis and assimilation of them through books in which they are indelibly written, like an 1So the typewriter has nothing to do with the intellectual thought of the person who uses it to transmit Ms thoughts.