354 THE DISCOVERY OF THE CHILD of three-beat, four-beat, etc. is a proof of the sense-education due to musical rhythm. At first the children follow the tempo without paying attention to the beat. But there comes a moment in which, suddenly, they feel the beat, and then they mark it; that is, their movements correspond only to the first beat of the bar. Marie Louise, little more than four, was walking to the sound of a march. Suddenly she cried out to the mistress: " Watch, see what I am doing." She was making a leaping step, and raising her arms gracefully at the first beat of each bar. The study of the value of notes is made only by children of more advanced age. (For particulars of method see L. A. Benjamin, op. cit). The interest in such a study will be associated with the fact that the children have already developed and analyzed in themselves the sense of rhythm. MUSICAL REPRODUCTIONS Music heard and accompanied by rhythmic movements forms only one element of musical education, dealing with the succession of sounds in time and the expressive tone of the phrase. There follows the study of melody and harmony, which lends itself to individual performances only when the child has at his disposal instruments adapted to him not only in their dimensions but, especially, in their simplicity. He must be left free to use them, hampered by too rigid a technique. Then, with short initia- tions or lessons, similar to those which our mistresses give by our method to make useful the material in general, the child is rendered capable of carrying out his own performance, deriving from it, because of the simplicity of the musical instruments, a continually increasing interest. The musical performances of the children reach a surprising standard, when, united as a band, they give concerts, made possible by the fact that each one has made on his own instrument individual studies from which it is possible that true musical sentiment may be derived.