372 THE DISCOVERY: OF THE CHILD all children whose mind is undernourished, who suffer from mental starvation. Saying to the child " Stand still like me " does not enlighten him. It is not with a command that one can order the complex psycho-muscular system of an individual into the path of evolution. In doing so, we are confusing the case with that of the man who prefers to behave badly because of an innate bent, but who can (within the limits of possibility) obey a firm command which directs his will towards something different, towards an order which is well known and. within the limits of his powers. But in the case of the small child it is a matter of helping forward the natural evolution of voluntary movement. All the co-ordinated move- ments must be taught by analyzing them as far as possible and developing them one by one. The child must be taught the various degrees of immobility leading up to the f silence'. Included in these are the movements of getting up and sitting down, of walking naturally, of walking on the points of the toes, of walking OD a line drawn on the ground whilst preserving erect balance; of removing objects, of setting them up more or less delicately; the complicated movements of dressing and undressing himself, which are analyzed in the fastening together of pieces of cloth, and for each one ,of these in the separate movements of the fingers; the movements required for keeping the body and the surroundings clean. Perfect immobility, and' the perfecting of movements one after the other- must be substituted for the customary " Stand still, keep quiet". • . : . All these exercises which promote the co-ordination of mover ments are done in order to reach a definite aim envisaged by the mind. These children did not only move their muscles, but ordered and enriched the mind. This activity, developed the will which was built up in an environment of motives for their activity. Although, therefore, the movements were co-ordinated, the indi^ vidual who, actively, co-ordinated them occupies the central place* By means of these motor exercises he expanded his intelligence aiid became ever more conscious of his environment and of himself.