DISCIPLINE IN THE CHILDREN'S HOUSE 383 two or three little jumps; then she took up the dish and carried it to another table, always repeating her jumping. But never did she interrupt her long round of work in serving twenty tables with her soup-dish, and never did she relax the vigilance required for controlling her movements. The will, like every other function, is strengthened and deve- loped by methodical exercise. In our method exercises of the will are incorporated with all intellectual exercises and in the everyday life of the child. Outwardly the child is learning accuracy and grace of movement, refines his sensations, learns to count and to write, but, as a more deep-seated result, he becomes master of himself, the forerunner of the man of strong, ready will- One often hears it said that the child's will should be sub- ordinated in obedience, and that in this way that will is being trained, because the child ought to submit and obey. But this theory is irrational, because the child cannot give up what he does not possess. It is in this way that we prevent him from cultivating his own will-power, and commit the greatest sins against the child. He is never allowed either the time or the means to test himself, to evaluate his own strength or his limitations, because he is always being interrupted and overborne by our superior power; he loses heart over the injustice of his treatment when he hears himself reproved sharply because he does not possess what is continually being destroyed within him. In this way there originates in the child timidity, which is a kind of malady acquired by a will which cannot develop, and which, in the usual slanderous fashion in which the tyrant, deliberately or not, covers up his own errors, is considered among us to be a characteristic of childhood. Our children are never timid. One of the most fascinating of their qualities is the fearlessness with which they approach those with whom they are working in the presence of others, and show what they are doing freely and with a desire to get them to participate in their doings.