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102                  THE EGYPTIAN PROBLEM                     CELAJ
in which they have been enveloped, very bitter cor troversies which would have been avoided had the examp] set by Lord Cromer been followed, when he submitte the projects for the Assuan dam to a committee compose of the most highly qualified non-British, experts, free froi all suspicion of subserviency to British interests, befor he applied to the Oaisse to sanction the heavy expenditur required from the Egyptian Government.
This is only one of the instances that have show the disappearance, after the Anglo-French Agreemen of the rigid financial control exercised by the Gaisse t have been not altogether an unmixed blessing. While the prosperity of Egypt increased almost uninterrupted! and revenue continued to expand, the Financial Advise y                           no longer had to reckon with the vigilant criticism c
i                             unfriendly foreigners, nor had he Lord Cromer's expei
:                           eye upon him.    Hence economy ceased to be a cardinc
virtue, and money was spent much more freely.    Durin Lord Kitchener's tenure  of office,  especially,   the  ol \                           parsimony was maintained only in regard to educatio
1                           and other things in which he took no very lively interesi
*                                   None could drive a harder bargain than. Lord Kitchene
when he chose, but after Sir Paul Harvey resigned th
Financial Advisership,  no  one  was  inclined  to   pres
financial objections to any scheme that  found  favou
with him.   He had the soldier's eye for the importanc
of communications, and to him Cairo owes, not only th
[                              opening of many new roads and the clearing of man
**                                    open spaces, but also the construction of excellent Mgl
roads to Alexandria and other parts of the country which the growth of motor traffic required. Appreciatin
:     ^                             ftdly the agricultural interests of  Egypt, he encourage
; £                              als<> the development of light railways and the introduc
tion of special grain depots and cotton markets to assis
*he small cultivator and protect him  from frauduler
I     !                               practices.    To him too  belongs  the  credit  of   havin
created in 1911 a special Ministry of Agriculture. Th establishment of an Agricultural Bank, which it wand five other important s                        towns, the Central Government merely making certain