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Full text of "The Egyptian Problem"

110
THE EGYPTIAN PBOBLEM
CHAP.
! 1
i  V
it failed to arrest the growing impatience and disaffection of the Legislative Council and the General Assembly, who had begun to clamour for full rights of self-government. At the same time, a violent anti-British feeling displayed itself in the discussion, not only of questions which they were entitled to discuss, but also of international questions which were specifically outside their constitutional province. Under the influence of the Turkish revolution and the less remote inspiration of Abdeen Palace they allowed themselves to be made so clearly the mere tools of an organised campaign against the Occupation that Sir Eldon Gorst was compelled to admit that the attitude he had been instructed to take up in 1907 had failed, and to warn the British Government that " the policy of ruling Egypt in co-operation with native Ministers was incompatible with that of encouraging the development of so-called representative institutions." Had he added " so long as the Khedive Abbas is the head of the State," the statement would have been unimpeachable.
Sir Eldon, however, was already a dying man, and was very soon compelled to retire. The mere appointment of Lord Kitchener to succeed him had an immediately sobering effect upon all parties. As the Sirdar of the Egyptian'army and the victor of Omdurman, he had left a great reputation behind him which his subsequent career had further enhanced, and the Khedive had not forgotten the unpleasant consequences to himself that had attended his rash attempt to try a fall with him shortly after his accession to the Khediviate. Lord Kitchener, who had a sentimental side to him of which the public, looking upon him only as the strong, stern man, knew very little, was really fond of Egypt and of the Egyptians, and especially of the fellaheen, whom he had turned into very serviceable soldiery. Having in former times accomplished the feat, deemed impossible by most people, of fashioning an Egyptian army out of such unpromising materials, he was now prepared toto anti-British channels. He did not mind even if the authority of his own Ministerssocialf light railways and the introduc