EGYPT DURING THE WAR
Egypt in the Empire was deliberately and in Ms opinion wisely rejected, because it was intended in the wide latitude which the formula of a Protectorate affords to give free scope to the political aspirations and self-governing capacities of the Egyptian people." It is a strange argument in the mouth of a member of the British Cabinet, which was at that very moment introducing a Government of India Bill of which the avowed purpose in regard to India, though India is certainly " incorporated in the Empire," was exactly the same as that which, according to him, could not have been achieved in Egypt if incorporation in the Empire had been preferred to a Protectorate.
Nothing was said of such a purpose in the two Proclamations which intimated to the Egyptian people that Great Britain had taken charge of Egypt and given her a new ruler. Nor was it easy to read such a purpose into the much lengthier Note addressed to the new Sultan by Mr. Cheetham, who was still acting as the representative of the British Government in Cairo. The Note began by showing how " a band of unscrupulous adventurers " in Constantinople had deliberately provoked a rupture between Turkey and Great Britain, and how the Khedive Abbas Hilmi had definitely thrown in his lot with the King's enemies. Hence " the rights over Egypt whether of the Sultan or of the late Khedive are forfeit to His Majesty." Of those rights the British Government " regard themselves as trustees for the inhabitants of Egypt," and they had decided that " Great Britain can best fulfil the responsibilities she has incurred towards Egypt " by declaring the Protectorate, and by inviting " the Prince of the family of Mehemet Ali most worthy to occupy the position '* to undertake the government of the country " under such Protectorate." Great Britain accepted " the fullest responsibility" for the defence of Egyptian territories " against all aggression whence-soever coming," and all Egyptian subjects, " wherever they may be," would be " entitled to receive the protection of His Majesty's Government." The British Represen- incorporatinghe visit which heocialf light railways and the introduc