EGYPT DURING THE WAR
Government to shape their policy in Egypt, mutatis mutandis, on the same broad and sympathetic lines as their Indian policy. The very reverse took place. The methods adopted in Egypt and the spirit in which they were carried out were as the exact antithesis of those by which India was brought during the war, and through the war, into closer communion with the Empire.
Sultan Hussein, on assuming his new functions under the Protectorate, had at once requested the Egyptian Prime Minister to continue in office. In a letter setting forth the circumstances in which he had himself deemed it " a duty to Egypt and to our glorious ancestor, the great Mehemet Ali, whose dynasty we desire to perpetuate " to respond to the appeal made to him by the British Government, he declared himself openly in favour of representative institutions by expressing his own wish " to associate the people more and more closely with the government of the country,'5 adding that to that end he was assured of receiving the most sympathetic support from the British Government, and that " the more precise definition of Great Britain's position in Egypt, by removing all causes of misunderstanding, will facilitate the collaboration of all the political elements in the country."
Hussein Rushdi, hitherto Regent, remained Prime Minister, and the rest of the Cabinet continued in office. There is no reason to doubt that at that time they loyally accepted the Protectorate, and if they and the Sultan himself regarded it as essentially a war measure, that reservation was not placed on record and can hardly even be read into His Highness's reference to " the more precise definition of Great Britain's position in Egypt," which might well be interpreted to mean that which had just taken place through the Proclamation of the Protectorate. They gave a still more striking proof of their desire to take their full share in the prosecution of the war if, as the Egyptians still assert, they offered
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