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Full text of "The Egyptian Problem"

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away.   An Anglo-Egyptian Commission had been appointed in 1918 at the instance of the Egyptian Prime ^                  Minister to report on the constitutional reforms which
H                  it was admitted would have to be introduced when peace
l:                  was restored.   All that has been made known to the
^                  public in regard to its labours is that Sir William Brunyate,
the Judicial Adviser,  drew up at the request of the L                 Egyptian Ministers a Note on Constitutional Reform in
> "                Egypt, which, though marked " confidential," leaked out
I                   and gave great offence.   It was almost too much to expect
that the Prime Minister would be   able or willing to •                   keep it secret.   Nor did the Censorship interfere when
its tenor appeared in the native Press, and as the author was one of those unbending Anglo-Egyptian officials who were regarded by Egyptians as specially hostile to all their aspirations, there was a lively chorus of criticism and condemnation. The Report was an able paper, but it entirely ignored the existence of the national sentiment which the war and the democratic ideals of the war had stimulated in Egypt as elsewhere. It bore the stamp of Sir William Brunyate's domineering personality, which was indeed apt to make enemies for him amongst his own fellow-countrymen almost as much as amongst Egyptians. Though chiefly concerned with constitutional changes and with the very cognate question of the Capitulations, it did not spare the deficiencies of the politically-minded classes in an incisive review of their past activities. Of the specific proposals which it contained, the most important was the creation of a new Legislature consisting of two chambers, in the upper one of which—the Senate—not only British Advisers and Egyptian Ministers were to have seats, but also representatives of the large foreign communities, chosen by special electorates, to voice their commercial, financial, and professional interests, which could not be left entirely in the hands of Egyptian legislators so long as the Egyptians themselves took scarcely any part in the economic activities of the country. No particular