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Full text of "The Egyptian Problem"

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180
THE EGYPTIAN PROBLEM
CHAI
town. But in the Law Courts, as in Cairo and in Mansura native barristers refused to plead and hearings had t< be adjourned wholesale. In many places, however the population was not yet thoroughly roused. Bu the agitators quickly succeeded in making capital ou of the shooting that had taken place in Cairo and it Tanta, conveniently overlooking the fact that it had beei in both cases provoked by deliberate acts of violence Their appeal had its effect even on the Egyptians wh< had held aloof from the demonstrations. They admittec the necessity of putting a stop to pillage, and they de precated, at least ostensibly, the excesses which had beei committed by the demonstrators. But they failed t< see why Egyptians should be shot down for such trifles Such things had not happened before, in the days of Crome: or even of Kitchener, the terrible soldier. Was thii severity too the outcome of the Protectorate ? Childisl as this reasoning may seem, the casualties of the firs' few days did much towards the spread of disorder, t was the kind of weapon than which the firebrands wantec none better. Just as, in Arabi's time, the Egyptiai gunners had borne a corpse into the Khedive's palac< in Alexandria, demanding vengeance, the bodies o: the rioters who had been killed in collision with th( British troops were carried all round the city in immens< funeral processions which halted at stated intervals foi impassioned speeches. Still more effective was the stream of female mourners who rent the air with thei] piercing lamentations. One can picture the scenes ir the mosques on the following Friday, scenes which were to be the prelude to the worst deeds during the rising.
First and foremost in Cairo, where as the congregatior emerged from El Azhar on that very Friday, March 14th after prayers, they espied a motor lorry, with a partj of armed British soldiers. The mob gave a yell, rushed, and those that were armed fired. The soldiers replied, killing thirteen and wounding over thirty. At Kaliul on the same afternoon a British soldier was murdered.ition would have been scarcely feasible without Egyptian labour and Egyptian supplies, and some expression of gratitude would not have marred its glory. But the saving word was never spoken ; and the payments due from the military authorities continued to lag for months behind, and the ugly past                    towns, the Central Government merely making certain