THE EGYPTIAN PROBLEM
prisoners. In Upper Egypt, the siege of the British residents at Beni-Suef continued and lasted until the Tuesday, when a relief party arrived by boat from Cairo and removed the women and children.
On Monday, the 17th, the remaining telegraph and telephone lines were cut. Cairo was now entirely isolated except for aeroplanes and wireless. Nevertheless, the authorities were determined to show that they had no wish to interfere with orderly manifestations of public opinion. In agreement with the Nationalist leaders who went bail that there would be no breach of the peace, they sanctioned a large demonstration, some 7,000 or 8,000 strong. At the head of it rode the Commandant of Police in a motor-car with one of the Ulema from El Azhar. The procession, which paraded the main streets, stopping at the principal foreign Consulates to shout for Egyptian Independence, was kept well under control and dispersed without any untoward incident. In Alexandria, on the other hand, a rough crowd of students and workmen tried to break their way through a military cordon and suffered casualties amounting to fourteen Mlled and twenty-four wounded. Some 250 arrests were made. Similarly, at Damanhour, a mob largely composed of Beduin tried to break into the Mudirieh and fell upon the Mudir, who attempted to make them desist. The troops fired and killed twelve, and about 100 rioters were arrested. On the same day, serious riots broke out at Rosetta, where the Merkez building was burnt down ; at Zifta, where the mob hoisted the Turkish flag on the Merkez and declared a provisional Government; at Mansura, Zagazig, Benha, Qallin, Samanoud, and Damietta, where similar scenes were enacted.
In the evening, General Bulfin, who was, since General Allenby's departure for Paris on the 12th, in command of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, arrived in Cairo by motor to take matters in hand. Already, a few days before, General Watson, commanding in Cairo, had sent for the members of the Committee of the Indepen-
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