CHAPTER XII THE BREAKDOWN OF THE CONTROL WITH the return of Mohamed Said to power, the was once more a Government in Cairo, though not 01 that carried much authority. The Prime Minister, particular, undoubted as was his ability and especial his adroitness, enjoyed very little credit, and least of $ with those who remembered or knew how dubious part he had played as Minister in Butros Pasha's Cabin and afterwards as Prime Minister in the last years befo the war under the ex-Khedive Abbas. But the gravity of the situation in Egypt had far 01 grown any mere change of Egyptian Ministers. Throug out the Occupation Egyptian Prime Ministers, even t' ablest amongst them, had played only a secondar though often a very important and useful, part. It w the British control, exercised through the Residency as through the British officials attached to the vario Departments of the Egyptian Administration, that hj directed the policy of Egyptian Ministers and suppli the driving power. The great lesson conveyed by i. recent upheaval, though the British Government w slow to learn it, was that the old system of control whi had already shown signs of weakness and deteriorate before the war had broken down under the tremendo war strain and required to be entirely overhauled. T. predominance of military over civil authority durij the war had not caused but it had precipitated the brea down. 206 **^WR.;.''general political situation. General Allenby succeeded after four weeks' laborious effort in inducing Mohamed Said Pasha to form a new Cabinet. As the event was to show, Mohamed Said, even if he had cast off his inveterate habit of hunting with the hounds and running with the hare, could no more than Rushdi prevail against the flowing tide of Nationalism, and during his eight months' tenure of office the centre of Egyptian political activities was steadily transferred from Cairo to Paris, whence Zaghlul Pasha with far more authority than any Prime Minister gave its marching orders to his Cairo Committee, and through it to the politically-minded classes that stood for the Egyptian nation.