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222      '               THE  EGYPTIAN   PROBLEM
in urban and rural districts, and " designed to the general capacities of pupils with a view to th absorption in the business of life."
Perhaps the best thing that has been done sc elementary education has been the delegation of to which I have already alluded, to the Provincial ( It has already yielded some good results and a^ genuine public interest in the question. It lee appointment in 1917 of a Commission to inquire subject, and its Report was published in 1919. not a particularly illuminating document, and .Commission took no evidence, it is little more record of pious opinions. But it shows at any r little has been done in the past, and how enormoi leeway to be made up. Egypt devotes only 2 p of its revenue to educational purposes, as against per cent, in other backward countries, such as the States before the war, and of that small amoi meagre pittance that goes to elementary ed though the fellaheen, who need it so badly, contril bulk of the Egyptian revenue, barely reaches per annum actually expended by the State. One therefore be surprised to find that, whereas in ^ countries the attendance at elementary schools is estimated at about 16 per cent, of the populatic only 3 per cent, in Egypt, So much for quantit; quality is even more deplorable. The Comn Report, which devotes five long pages to ad quotations from high authorities on the inestimab! of education, but says very little about what elei education should be in Egypt, outlines a vast an< scheme which in twenty years would provide Egy 8,000 elementary schools and 30,000 teacher meet the requirements of 80 per cent, of the be 50 per cent, of the girls of school-going a,ge—i.e., 1 six and eleven. In Egypt, however, as in many co it is a far cry from the recommendations of a to their execution, and the training of 30,QOO t no previous experience at all as an administrator and no knowledge of Egypt or of the East save such as he had gleaned as Commander-in-Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in Egypt and Syria. The British Government had themselves not yet realised thateral (Jeterioration of the British personnel.   Theyptians,                         jit