224 THE EGYPTIAN PROBLEM <*HAP.
the School of Medicine and the Kasr-el-Aini Hospital are housed in an entirely obsolete building in which, according to the annual reports of visitors appointed by the Royal Colleges of Physicians and of Surgeons, the principles of modern sanitation and cleanliness may be taught but cannot be properly practised. After Sir Henry Morris's visit in 1913, the London Committee of those Colleges wrote: " They feel bound once more to express their disappointment that in spite of their repeated strong criticism, no steps have been taken to provide a modern hospital on up-to-date sanitary conditions, capable of affording a thorough medical and sanitary education." This pungent criticism is passed altogether in silence in the Report of the British Adviser to the Ministry of Education for 1913 — the last Report issued before the war interrupted publication — though he takes good cure to say that Sir Henry Morris expressed himself as generally pleased with the teaching and examinations. On this point there have never been any two opinions. J)r. Owen Richards has an admirable and devoted staff, both English and Egyptian, and they are doing excellent work. But official neglect has handicapped them too heavily.
The training of native teachers under the Ministry of Education has been no less inadequate. The one higher training college, rightly described by the. Educational Adviser as " the most important educational institution in the country," had 235 students in 1913 and could not meet the increasing applications f or admission, because the building in which it was located was not only old and dilapidated and constantly needed extensive and costly repairs to keep it habitable, but left no room for further expansion. There is no real Egyptian University, though there is an institution, founded in 1909, which calls itndi by that high-sounding name. It is an outcome of the Nationalist movement of that period, and Saad Pasha Zaghlul is one of those who took the keenest interest in it. But there has been no generous response from the Egyptian 1
public. Its diplomas are not recognise^. The few 1