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244                     THE EGYPTIAN  PROBLEM           ',   CELA:
" shaping for the Protectorate a system of prudent an ever-enlarging enfranchisement " and in meeting " tl claims of the Egyptian people to a due and increasir share in the management of the affairs of Egypt."
The mere fact, however, that the Egyptian extremis were able to boast that even this belated announceme: had only been wrung out of the British Ministers by { explosion of violence, which had found them, as th confessed, totally unprepared, robbed it of much of : value. Had even the Miner Mission followed hot-fc on this announcement the effect would have been mu greater. But nothing more was heard of it for montl and only towards the end of September was the compo tion of the Mission announced. Ample time had be given for the situation in Egypt to harden again, a though there was a lull on the surface, it was hardeni again steadily.
The formation of the new Ministry under Mohair Said Pasha in April and the return of Government offici to their work combined with a temporary reaction fr< the fierce excitement of rebellion and repression create a somewhat calmer atmosphere in Cairo wh was perhaps quite as much due to the usual lassiti induced by the return of the annual hot weather. 1 seat of agitation, however, had only been transferred the time being to Paris. The primary object of Si Zaghlul and the Nationalist Delegation in proceed to Paris had been to seek a hearing for their case at Peace Conference. In this they failed, and the fon recognition of the British Protectorate by the Ameri Government on April 22nd had been an even more disti blow to their hopes than Article 147 of the Treaty of ^ sailles was a couple of months later, when the Protectoi was placed on record in an instrument signed by all Allied and Associated Powers as well as by Germs But the Delegation were not discouraged, and they car on a very active propaganda, which was not altogoi unsuccessful, both in the European and in tfhe Ameril animosity. It has never felt the pinch of poverty so severely aseither of his successors tooktly, however, it is to be feared, the average El Azhar student carries away with him chiefly a religious arrogance which, rooted in the belief that the world belongs by rights to Islam, resents all forms of progress emanating from Western civilisation and readily translates itself into aggressive fanaticism.