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Full text of "The Egyptian Problem"

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Press. Two prominent members ultimately proceeded to Washington, where they did their best, in co-operation with every other element hostile to the Peace Treaty and to Great Britain, to secure its rejection by the Senate, even at the risk of destroying also the League of Nations, upon which they sometimes professed to pin their faith.
It has been argued that Zaghlul committed a tactical blunder in never visiting London, where, while refraining from all contact with official circles, he might have made, through various channels, a direct and perhaps not entirely fruitless appeal to certain sections of the British democracy. But though he was probably shrewd enough not to overlook the advantages of such an appeal and was indeed willing to allow one of his friends to go to London, who was, however, refused a passport, he himself could hardly have gone without departing to some extent from the consistency of his attitude towards the " usurping " nation. He was not going to recede from the position he had taken up that Egypt was entitled to " complete independence" and that the Protectorate must be repealed. Our abortive attempt to intern him in Malta had served merely to fortify his determination and to enhance his prestige with his fellow-countrymen, in whose eyes he in fact bulked larger from Paris than if lie had remained in Cairo. He doubtless realised also that as martial law was still in force in Egypt, he could count on greater freedom of action abroad, where he was beyond its grasp. One cannot but admire the dexterity with which he used Paris as a sounding-board for an even more sensational propaganda throughout the valley of the Nile than he had conducted before he left Egypt. Long messages in the native Press which gave highly coloured accounts of the Delegation's achievements in arousing the interest and sympathy of foreign countries were taken at their face value by the Egyptian public, which was gradually taught to look to Zaghlul, and to him alone, as the representative of the Egyptian nation destined to work out its future salvation. The Committeed belongs by rights to Islam, resents all forms of progress emanating from Western civilisation and readily translates itself into aggressive fanaticism.