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xiv A BARREN PERIOD OF DRIFT 253
not at all mean an Egypt unfriendly to Great Britain. She would always need the friendship of Great Britain, who on her side would be quite entitled to require from Egypt the recognition of her Imperial interests in a country which lies athwart her highways of Empire and must always be at the mercy of her overwhelming power. Let Great Britain act up to her principles and to her promises ; declare the Protectorate to have been, as Egyptians were fain to believe at the time, a merely temporary war meastire ; show that the war, in which the Egyptians themselves rendered very substantial services, was waged to give freedom to them as well as to the other small nations it had liberated; and recognise their title to independence. Then, once that principle admitted, Egypt would welcome a treaty of alliance with Great Britain in which specific guarantees could be embodied for British strategical interests in the Suez Canal, for the fulfilment of Egypt's financial obligations, and for the maintenance of foreign trade and industry and the security of the foreign communities in Egypt.
Nor should the ending of British domination involve in their opinion the withdrawal of British help in the progressive development of Egypt. She would still require, as Japan did for many years, the assistance of foreign coadjutors, and especially of technical and scientific experts in many branches of her administration, and she would certainly seek them in England rather than in any other foreign country. Many of the Englishmen who were here to-day would unquestionably be invited to remain. But they would be the servants and not the masters of the Egyptian Government, just as the foreigners employed in Japan were the servants and not the masters of the Japanese Government.
Some of these may have been purely ad captandum arguments, and it was difficult to reconcile the assurances which accompanied them that there was no real ill-feeling towards England or towards Englishmen with the extreme bitterness and hostility displayed every daycted popular assembly, with tin* head of the State bound down to the functions of a ntrictly constitutional ruler. .If it were