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Full text of "The Egyptian Problem"

256
THE EGYPTIAN PROBLEM
CHA
country   since   the   proclamation   of  the  Protectorate already five years old :
" The policy of Great Britain in Egypt is to preserve aut< nomy in that country under British Protection, and to develc the system of Self Government under an Egyptian Ruler.
" The object of Great Britain is to defend Egypt again all external danger and the interference of any Foreign Powei and at the same time, to establish a Constitutional System : which—under British Guidance, as far as may be necessary-the Sultan, his Ministers, and the elected representatives the people may, in their several spheres and in an increasii degree, co-operate in the management of Egyptian affairs.
" His Majesty's Government has decided to send to Egy a Mission which has as its task to work out the details of Constitution to carry out this object and in consultation wi the Sultan, His Ministers and representative Egyptians, undertake the preliminary work which is required before tl future form of Government can be settled.
"Itis not the function of the Mission to impose a Constitute on Egypt. Its duty is to explore the ground ; to discuss, consultation with the Authorities on the spot, the refori that are necessary, and to propose, it is hoped, in comple agreement with the Sultan and his Ministers, a scheme Government which can consequently be put into force."
That Lord Allenby had instructions not to allc British policy as laid down in this document to be open flouted was shown a few days later when the Cairo Coi mittee of Independence issued a counter-manifesto which, after giving its own distorted version of t declaration, it proceeded to reiterate the usual protes and the usual demands. Lord Allenby signified to t President and Vice-President of the Committee that th had better retire for a time to the less heated atmosphc of their country estates. The provocation had been op and deliberate and could hardly be allowed to pass all gether unnoticed. Whether the " internment" of few other more or less prominent Nationalist leade who were during the next few days invited in the sai way to withdraw into the country, was always equa deserved or wise may be doubted—especially in o particular case which Egyptian public opinion, rightly that Egypt' wan quit** unripe for such democratic