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Full text of "The Egyptian Problem"

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principles of policy, Egyptians may well show themselves the" best judges of the methods suitable to their own people. This does not mean that they should dispense with ^British expert advice and assistance which the great majority recognise they are not yet qualified to forgo. It is important to discriminate between British control, exercised by those who represent British authority, and the advisory and administrative and even in certain departments executive functions of Englishmen employed in theJEgyptian public services.
If dualism cannot at present be eliminated, it can at least be frankly defined and delimitated. To that end the powers to be vested in the High Commissioner must be as distinctly specified as the limits of the control he would have to exercise. All other powers, with the responsibilities they carry, would then remain equally clearly vested in the Egyptian Ministers. This involves a complete separation of the agencies of British control from the Egyptian Executive, such British advisers as it would be necessary to retain being appointed by the British Government and made directly responsible to the High Commissioner, who would direct and control their relations with the Egyptian Ministers. Advisers and their inspectorial and personal staff should be British officials instead of being camouflaged as they are now as Egyptian officials. For one thing, we should no longer be tempted to appoint, as has sometimes happened, advisers who, having no special qualifications and being obliged to leam their jobs after appointment, could carry very little weight with Egyptian Ministers.
Whether Egyptian affairs remain under the Foreign Office, which is, however, singularly ill-equipped to deal with them, or are transferred to the Colonial Office or to a new department in charge of the whole Middle East, the Secretary of State, to whom the High Commissioner would be responsible, ought not to be left without the assistance of a small council with Egyptian experience, and composed partly of Egyptians. /                                              *andfor the protection of their