306. THE EGYPTIAN! PROBLEM CHAP.
• The whole question of the employment of Englishmen
in the Egyptian public services should be submitted* to an Anglo-Egyptian Commission representing the High Commissioner and the Egyptian Prime Minister. la the departments still reserved for British control the High Commissioner should have the final voice in determining the nature and the number of the posts required for Englishmen, in all others the Prime Minister. Englishmen should least of all be appointed to subordinate posts. A permanent Committee could then be established to superintend new appointments and promotions. The question would thus no longer be that of creating a post for such and such an Englishman, sometimes with little regard for his qualifications, or of making room for a number of young Englishmen annually recruited from home, but of appointing the best Englishman available to a post which no Egyptian was admittedly qualified yet to fill. Englishmen thus appointed would form part of the Egyptian service under the orders of Egyptian Ministers, and on terms laid down by them, whether in short time contracts or for long periods, with the one proviso for their protection that before the expiry of their engagements they could be removed only on reasons shown and with the consent of the High Commissioner. The Egyptians would know that they were getting as large a share of administrative work as they were qualified to get, and that it depended upon themselves to enlarge that share by qualifying in increasing numbers. There might, and probably would, be at first a considerable loss of efficiency, but the friction arising out of constant interference by British officials, without any clearly defined right to interfere, would disappear or be reduced to a minimum. Many of the Englishmen now in Egypt would doubtless be requested to remain, and compensation would of course have to be given to those who did not remain.
The Egyptians certainly have yet to prove their capacity for self-government. But we are pledged to *andfor the protection of their