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Full text of "The Elements of Physics: Index and Authors List"

284 



THE ELEMENTS OF PHYSICS 



is perhaps the most astonishing of the many great contributions he made to 
the apprehension of the continuum of real numbers. 



Additional Suqaested Reading 



Cantor, G. Contributions to the Founding of the Theory of Trimsfiriite Numbers, 

1895-1897; Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1915. 
Dantzig, T. Number, Doubled ay & Co., Inc., New York, 1956. 
Davis, P. J. "Number," Scientific American, September 1964, 50-59. 
Kamke, E. Theory of Sets, Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1950. 



Subject Index 



Absolute future and past, 113 
Absolute temperature, 121 
Absorption probability, 241 
Acceleration, central, 18 

Coriolis, 69 

gravitational, 15 

instantaneous, 14 
Action at a distance, 41, 49, 146 
Action principle, 192 
Addition, of entropies, 135 

of vectors, 18 

of velocities, 107, 115 
Aerodvnannic effects, 97 
Angular momentum, 77 
Angular velocity, 69, 82 
Antigravity, 143 
Antineutrino, 90, 115, 174,252 
Antiparticles, 261 
Archimedes' principle, 93 
Arrow of lime, 1 34 
Asteroids, 42 
Astronauts, 82 
Axes of inertia, 84 

Karyon number, 254 
Harvons, 257 

Bernoulli's principle, 94, 97 
Bit, of information, 20, 139 
Blackbody radiation, 240 
Bohr's model of the atom, 223 
Boiling line, 13 f 
Boltzmann's theorem, 238 
Bosons, 80, 254 

Calorie, 95 

Camot's cycle, 121, 132 

Causality, 2 

Cavendish experiment, 26 



Celsius scale, 130 
Center of mass, 41 , 47 
Central acceleration, 18 
Central force, 153 
Centrifugal force, 67 
Cerenkov radiation, 186 
Cesium clock, 8 
CG5 system, 6 
Charge, concept, 143 

conservation, 178, 264 
Circular motion, 18 
Circulation, 158, 162, I7S 
Clocks, 8 

Coexisting phases, 132 
Coherence length, 182 
Collision, 46, 1 14 
Combination principle, 216 
Combined inversion, 171 
Compound nucleus, 118 
Conductivity, 233 
Conductors, extended, 165 
Configuration space, 193 
Conservation laws, 263 
Conservation, of angular momentum, 77 

of charge, 1 78, 264 

of energy, 87 

of momentum, 45 
Coordinate concept, 1 
Coordinate system, 2 
Coriolis, effect, 68 

force, 69, 81 
Correlations, 271 
Coulomb's law, 144 
Current, electric, 151 
Curve ball, 97 



Decay curve, 
Density, 92 



249 






285 






286 

Detailed balance, 65 
Diamagnetism, 168 
Dichotomic attributes, 134, 254 
Diffraction grating, 202 
Dimensionality, 1 
Dimension, physical, 6 
Dipole, 145 
Dipole held, 150 
Doppler effect, 1 84 
Double stars, 100 

Efficiency oi' heat engine, 121 
Llaslic collision, 61 
Electrification, 143 
Electromagnet, 159 
Electromagnetic, field, 162 

wave, 1 8 1 
Electromotive force, 162 
Electron Volt, 152 
Elementary, length, 4 

particles, 249 
Emission probability, 242 
Energy, average, 129 

conservation, 87 

internal, 127 

kinetic, 87 

level, 215 

potential, 88 

rest, 88 

unit. 6 
Engine, reversible, 121,123 
Entropy, 126, 137,239,244 
Equilibrium, thermal, 125, 135 
Equivalence, of observers, 38, 101 
Ether, 100, 18,1, 199 
Exclusion principle, 227 
Exponential law, 238 

Faraday's disk, 1(56 
Fermat's principle, 190, 20I 
Fermions, 80, 252 
Fcrromagnelism, 168 
Field, concept, 50, 146, 149 

electromagnetic, 162 

lines, 146 
Fine structure, 219 
Fission reaction, 252 
Fluctuations, 136, 271 
Flux, 147 
Focus, 194 
Force, central, 67, 153 

centrifugal, 67 



SUBJECT INDEX 

Force, concept, 40 

Coriolis, 69, 81 

external, 50 

magnetic, 51 

moment of, 78 

nuclear, 223 

tensor, 151, 153 
Foncault's pendulum, 6S 
Free fall, 19 
Freezing line, 131 
Frequency shift, 186 
Functions of state, 126 
Fusion reaction, 251 
Future, absolute, 1 1 3 

Gauss's theorem, 148 
Generator, electric, 162 
Geometric optics, 198 
Gravitational field, 51, 180 
Gravitation, universal law of, 25 
Gravitons, 51 

Gravity, indiscriminate nature of, 15 
Groundstate, 218, 224 
Gyrocompass, 70 
Gyroscopic effect, 70 

Hadrons, 254 
Half -life, 271 
Handedness, 174 
Heat, content, 126 

pump, 123 
Hydraulic principle, 90 
Hydrogen, clock, 8 

spectrum, 217 
Hypcrcharge, 255 
l-lyperfine structure, 222 

Ideal gas, 129 

Identification of objects, 20 
Incompressibility, 90 
Induced emission, 242 
Induction law, 164 
Inertia, axes of, 84 

moment of, 82 

origin of, 72 
Inertial, frame of reference, 37 

mass, 41 

observer, 163 
Information, bit of, 20, 139 
Interference, 199, 208 
Internal energy, 88 
Interval, 1 12 



SUBJECT INDEX 

Invariants, 1 67 

Inversion of coordinates, 169 

Irreversibility, 124, 135 

Isolated systems, 138 

Isospin, 254 

Isothermal beat transfer, 121 

Kepler's laws, 28, 29 
Kinetic, energy, 87 
temperature, I 30 

Laboratory frame, 117 

Laser, 21 1', 242,245 
Left hand system, 60 
Length, standard, 8 

unit, 4 
Leptons, 252 
Libration points, 37 
Light, cone, 1 12 

electromagnetic nature of, 1 80 

velocity of 14, 99, 101 
Limiting velocity, 14 
Lorentz transformation, 101, 106 
Loschmidt's paradox, 129, 141 

Mach's, cone, 184 

principle, 72 

program, 86 
Magnetic, force, 51 

monopoles, 146, 152 
Magnitude, orders of, 4 
Mass, center of, 41, 47 

earth's, 29 

gravitational, 26 

inertial, 41 

standard, 9 

unit, 4 
Maxwell's, demon, 139 

equations, 180 
Melting pressure, 132 
Mesons, 257 

Michelson-Morlcy experiment, 108 
Mixing, irreversible, 127 
MKS system, 6 
Moment, of force, 78 

of inertia, 82 
Momentum, angular, 77 

linear, 45 
Monopoles, magnetic, 146, 152 
Motor, electric, 161 
Muon, 110, 116, 252 



287 



Negative, entropy, 139 

temperature, 244 
Networks, 155 

Neutrino, 89, 96, 1 15, 174, 252 
Newtonian frame of reference, 40 
Newton's, first law, 38 

law of gravitation, 25, 49 

second law, 40 

Ihird law, 45 
Nuclear force, 233 
Nutation, 60 

Objects, 10 

Ohm's law, 154 

Orbital angular momentum, 78, 84 

Orbit, circular, 19 

of moon, 25 

Paramagnetism, 168 

Parity, 254 

Particle, conjugation, 261 

elementary, 249 

reaction, 1 16 

velocity, 208 
Past, absolute, 1 13 
Pendulum, clock, 8 

Foucault's, 68 
Periodic table of elements, 230 
Permutation symmetry, 21 
Perpetual motion engine, 

of first kind, 92 

of second kind, 120 
Phase, diagram, 131 

velocity, 183, 208 
Photon, 96, 115, 199 
Pion, I 16, 257 
Polarization, 181, 203 
Poles, magnetic, 143 
Potential, difference, 151 

energy, 88 
Power, 89, 152 

Practical MKS units, 152, 164 
Precession, 59, 71 
Pressure, 91 
Probability, amplitude, 182, 199 

concept, 269 

distribution, 134, 272 
Propagation state, 203 

Quadrupole field, 35 
Quantization of charge, 145 



288 

Quantum unit, 79 
Quartz clock, 8 

Radiation shift, 221 
Randomness, 137 
Reaction, 45 
Reciprocity, 63 
Relied ion, grating, 212 

law of, 189 
Refraction, law of, 189 
Refractive index, 18S 
Refrigerator, 123 
Relativity of right and left, 3 
Relay satellites, 30 
Relaxation, 125 
Resistance, 154 
Resonances, 259 
Rest, energy, 88 

mass, 1 14 
Reversal of motion, 56, 137 
Reversible engine, 12), 123 
Righihand system, 60 
Rocket, 53 
Rotations, 66 

Satellites, communication, 30 

of Mars, 33 
Saturn rings, 36 
Scales, 5 

Scattering angle, 62 
Semi-conductors, 235 
Semi-permeable walls, 127 
Sidereal day, 7 
Simultaneity, 103 
Solenoid, 159 
Space-like interval, 112 
Space travel, 1 17 
Spectrum, 181 
Spin, 79, 96,220 
Spin-orbit coupling, 220 
Standard of living, 94 
State, mechanical, 129 

polarization, 181 

thermodynamic, 126 

vector, 205 
Statistical independence, 136 
Stern-Gerlach experiment, 1 36 
Sublimation, 131 
Superposition, 206 



SUBJECT INDEX 

Symmetry, inversion of coordinates, 169 
permutation, 21 
principles, 266 
reversal of molion, 56 

Temperature, absolute, 121 

Centigrade scale, 130 

concept, 236 

negative, 244 
Tensor force, 151, 153 
Thermal equilibrium, 125, 135 
Thirring effect, 85 
Thrust, 40 
Tides, 30 
Time, arrow of, 2, 134 

axis, 2 

dilatation, 1 18 

-like interval, 1 12 

reversal, 58 

standard, 6 

unit, 3 
Torque, 78 
Trajectory, 16 
Transition probability, 62 
Transmutation, 251 
Transversality, 181 
Travelling twins, 105 
Triple point, 130 

Uncertainty relation, .140, 224, 271 
Units of measurement, 3 
Universe, 86 

Variational principles, 188 
Velocity, addition of, 107 

angular, 69, 82 

average, 15, 140 

instantaneous, 13 

of light, 14, 99, 101 
Vectors, 1 7 
Virtual work, 91 
Voltage, 151 

Wavelength, 181 
Weight, 45 
Work, 87 
Worldline, 11, 102, 192 

Zeeman effect, 22] 

Zero, absolute, of temperature, 121 



Author Index 



Ampere, A. M., 160 
Anderson, C. D,, 261 
Anderson, D. L,, 157 
Andracle, E. N. daC, 53 

Angrtst, S. W„ 226 
Archimedes, 93 
Aristotle, I 

Ballard, S. S., 214 
Balmer, J. . I., 216 
Barr, F. S„ 157 
Barthold, L. O., 157 

Becquerel, A., 248 
Berkeley, G., 40 
Bcthe, H. A., 221 
Bitter, I-'., 168 
Blatt, J., 141 
Bloom, A. L., 247 
Bohr, K, 79, 215,223 
Roltzmann, L., 141, 236 
Bondi, H., 76 
Born, ML, 110 
Bndgman, P, W., 76 
Bronowski, J., Ill 
Brown, T. M., 98 

Cahill,L. J.,168 
Cameron, A. G. W., 118 

Cantor, G., 283, 284 
Carnot, S., 121 
Caspar, M., 34 
Chadwick. J., 252 
Chew, G. F., 262 
Chrislianson, J., 36 
Claasscn, H. H., 235 
Clark, G. W., 226 
Cockroft, J, IX, 251 
Curie, M., 248 
Curie, P., 248 



Dali, S., 10 

Dantzig, T.,284 

Darwin, G. H„ 35 

Davis, P. J., 284 

Davisson, C, J., 209 

DeBroglie, L., 208 

DeSantillana, G., 157 

Descartes, R., 1 

DeZafra, R. L., 247 

Dicke, R. H.,43 

Dirac, P. A. ME,, 23, 261 

Doppfer, C. J., 184 

Dyson, F. J., 262 

Einstein, A., 52, 102, 110, 163, 240 

Eotvos, R.,4I 

Euclid, 1 

Faraday, M., 146 
Feinberg, G,, 268 
Ferguson, E. S., 133 
Fermat, P. dc, 190 
Ford, K. W., 157, 262 
Foucaull, J. B. L.,68 
Fowler, W. B., 262 
Franklin, B., 143 
Franklin, K. L., 214 
Freeman, A, J., 168 
Friedman, H., 187 
Frisch, D. K., Ill, 262 
Frisch, O. R., 226 

Galilei, G., 52 
Gauss, K. F., 53,271 
Gell-Mann, M„ 261, 262 
Gerlach, W.,225 
Germer, L. H., 209 
Giannini, G., 55 
Giordmaine, J. A., 226 
Gold,T., 142 



289 






290 

Goldhaber, M., 95, 268 
Good, R. EL, 119 
Gordon, J. P., 247 

Gractzer, G., 262 
Grccnslein. J. J..,, 9 
Grodzins, L., 95 

Harm, E... 141 
Halm, O., 252 
Hamilton, W. R,, 192 
Hceschcn, D. S., 9 
Hcirtzler, J. R., 2!4 
Heisenberg, W.,21,209, 271 
Hero of Alexandria, 189 
Hilberl, D., I 
Hill, R. D.,262 
Holton, G., 119 
Huygcns, C, 203 

Jammer, M., 9, 34, 52 
Jaynes, E. T., 142 

Kac, M,, 277 
Kaempffcr. F. A., 86 
Kamkc, L.,284 
Katz, R., 119 
Kay, W. A„ 262 
Kepler, J,, 33 
Keynes, J. M., 53 
Klein, M. J., 133, 142,247 
KSiiler, J. W. L„ 133 
Kolm, H, H., 168 
Kramers, H. A,, 261 
Krausha&r, W, L., 226 
Kunzler, J. F., 168 
Kurlbaum, F., 245 

Lagrange, J. L„ 37, 192 
Lamb, W. E„ 221 
Leachman, R. B., 262 

Lederman, L. M., 262 
Lee, T. D., 173 
Lehninger, A. L,, 98 
Leibniz, G. W., 192 

Leilh, F. N., 247 
l.iapunoff, M. A., 38 
Lorenl/., H. A., 101, 163 
Loschmidt, J., 141 

Macli, E., 40, 184 
MacKiritosh, A. R., 235 

Malm, J. G., 235 



AUTHOR INDEX 



Marshak, R, E., 157 
Mathias, B. T., 168 
Maupertuis, P. de, 192 
Maxwell, J. C, 178 
Mayer, C. H,, 247 
Mayer, J. E., 142 
McCauley, G. P., 268 
McGuire' J. B., 9 
McKinley, W. A., 9 
Michelson, A. A,, 101 
Miller, p., 36 
Miller, S. E.,247 
Morley, E. W., 101 
Morrison, P., 98 
Murray, B.C., 187 

Newton, L, 52 
Noether, E.., 266 

Oersted, 1-1. C, 158 
Okubo, S., 261 
O'Neill, G. K.,262 

Pais, A., 261 
Parks, R. D., 226 
Pauh, W„ 90, 229 
Penman, S., 262 
Pleiftcr, H. G., 157 
Pierce, J. R,, 36 
Planck, M., 243 
Pohl,R. W.,214 
Poincarc, J. IE, 38, 102 
Purccll, E., 118 

Ramsey, N. F., 8, 247 
Reif", P., 226 
Reincs, F., 98 
Retherford, R. C, 221 
Reynolds, J. H., 9 
Richardson, R. S., 44 
Rit-/, W.,215 
Rogers, T. A., 23 
Rosen feld, A. H., 262 
Rossi, B., 262 
Rubens, H., 245 
Ruderman, M. A., 98 
Rutherford, E,, 249 

Saroips, N. P., 262 
Bandage* A. R.,9 
Schawiow, A. L., 214, 247 

Scbrotliiiger, E., 209 






AUTHOR INDEX 

Schurr, S. H., 98 
Sciama, D. W'„ 76 
Selig, H., 235 
Sellschop, J. P. P., 98 
Shankland, R. S„ 111 
Sharlin, H. ]., 168 
ShurclifT, W. A., 214 
Smith, J. H., Ill, 119 
Sommerfeld, A. J. W., 223 
Spangler, E. R., 9 
Stern, O., 225 
Stewart, A. B., 44 
Stoyko, R., 8 
Sunyar, A. \V., 95 

Tancnhaum, M,, 168 
Telegdi, V. L., 262 
Thirring, H., 85 
Thorndike, A. M., 262 
Treiman, S, B,, 177 

Upatnicks, J., 247 



291 



Van Alien, J. A., 187 

Viviani , V., 68 

Von Hoerner, S., 118 

Waldron, R. A., 187 

Walton, L. T, S., 25 I 
Westphal, J. A., 187 
Weyl. H.,65, 177 
Wigner, E. P.. 268 
Wilson, H. A., 187 
Wilson, M., 133 
Wilson, 0. C.,9 
Wolfe, R.,226 
Wong, L., 9 
Wood,E. A., 198 
Wu,C. S„ 172 

Yang, C. N., 173, 177,262 

Zeeman, P., 222 
Zemansky, M. W... 133 

Zimmerman, E. J., 23 



ADCDEFGHIJ 



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