become vegetarians and others remain as non-vegetarians. This
is due to reasons like cost of living, climate, and health conditions.
Even now in certain houses of Beda Jangams in villages, we find
keeping a pot of customary fermented butter milk (PUNNEELA-
KUNDA) and worship it and consume "PUNNEELU" instead of
butter milk. On festive occasions, they prepare a special dish viz.,
PAYASAM (a sweet preparation with milk SAGGUBIYYAM),
Ground nut and sun flower oils are used as the cooking medium.
Alcoholic drinks are consumed on certain occasions.
5. UTENSILS AND FUEL :
in primitive stage only earthen and alluminium utensils were
used. In due course of time these people are accustomed to use
modern stainless steel utensils, like wise there is change in re-
spect of fuel also.
6. ORNAMENTS AND MATERIAL CULTURE :
Ladies use ornaments made of silver, rolled gold ornaments
ready made available in present market. The PUSTE/ MANGALA
- SUTRAM is inevitably made of gold. Beda Jangams generally
use the following agricultural implements of their own. (1) Nagali,
(2) Gorru, (3) Guntaka, (4) Gaddapara, (5) Chalagapara, (6)
Kodavali, (7) Baskets, (8) Bullock cart, etc.
Beda Jangams used sankham, Nandiganta, (cone and
nandibell) Tambura Budigalu/ Budagas, Baka which are musical
instruments. Vibhuthi, kum-kuma, Rudrakshamala, Gandham,
Maredupathri, Karpuram, Sambrani agarubathis flowers etc. are
Puja materials (POOJA SAMAGR1)
7. LANGUAGE AND EDUCATION :
Their mothertongue is Telugu and speak urdu also in
Telangana districts only. It is learnt that Beda Jangams have got