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Full text of "The Ethnology Of Beda Badaga Jangam Caste In Andhra Pradesh"

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all castes of sudras, scheduled tribes and scheduled castes.
They follow the corpse to burial ground. Beda Jangam will
be blowing "SANKHAM". (cone) and ringing NANDI-GANTA (Bell)
in front of the corpse to the burial ground. After cremation, Beda
Jangam will return along with relatives of the deceased to the house
of the deceased. Beda Jangam will be paid by some of the rela-
tives of the deceased at the rate of "Beda Coin" worth two Annas
equal to present twelve paise. Beda Jangam will take food in those
families except MALAS and MADIGAS. He brings food to his fam-
ily members after eating food. This is the main hereditary tradi-
tional occupation.
One of the avocations of Beda Jangams is to tell stories
and recite some legends, known as "JANGAM KATHALU". At the
time of narrating stories, they use TAMBURA and BUDAGAS
(known as Gummetalu/Dinki) Beda Jangams are also called
Budaga Jangams. After completion of the story the next morning
they beg some money and food grains in all houses of that village
-Now-a-days this profession is completely disappeared due to cin-
emas and Televisions. But the earnings from their traditional oc-
cupations do not normally enable them to make their both ends
meet and hence they go in for begging during MAKARA
SANKRANTHII month from 16th of December to 14th of January
in every calender year (DHANUR-MASAMU) in all houses includ-
ing Girijans and HARIJANA colonies in native village and their
MIRASl- villages, besides engaging themselves as agricultural
labourers. At the time of harvest, they move from "KALLAM to
KALLAM and collect food grains in their native village as well as
their mirasi-villages also. Some of them own I NAM - Lands which
are small in extent and hence they take up agricultural and agri-