looked upon as sacred by the Lingayats as the Brahmins are by
the rest of the HINDUS.They eat and drink indisriminately with all
castes and classes who wear LING AM, excepting the GANAYATS
who eat fish.
Note: Jangams are divided into two classes (1) MAHESHWARA
JANGAMS who are Gurus of Lingayat sects and pure Vegetar-
(2) GANAYAT JANGAMS: Who are non-vegetarians though they
wear Lingams in Kurnool District Since 1886.
(3) The census of India indicate about the traditional occupation of
Jangams as follows.
Hi. MADRAS CENSUS REPORT 1891 :
The full name is "JANGAM LINGAYAT" meaning those who
always worship a moveable Lingam; in contradistinction to the
"STAVARA" (Immoveable) LINGAM of the temples. Only two of
the Sub-divisions returned are numerically important.
(1) GANAYAT-JANGAMS and (2) STAVARA JANGAMS. are
contradistinction in terms. This sub-divisions (STAVARA-JANGAM)
is found only in the two northern districts and it is possible that this
Jangam caste is different from the ordinary Jungams. In
Vizagapatnam District Manual, the Jangams are said to be tailors.
In Telugu country Lingayats are called JANGAMS.
They are also called as GANTA-JANGAMS because they
carry a metal bell (GANTA).
Many Jangams serve as priests to the sudras.
NOTE: 1. STAVARA JANGAMS (2) GANAYAT JANGAMS (3)
ORDINARY JANGAMS (GANTA JANGAMS) are found in Andhra
Districts which were in Madras Presidency in 1891.
IV. CENSUS OF INDIA - 1901 VOLUME XV MADRAS - PART-