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Full text of "The Ethnology Of Beda Badaga Jangam Caste In Andhra Pradesh"

REPORT (JANGAM CHAPTER-VIII PAGE 157).

Strictly speaking a Jangam is a priest to religious sect of the
LINGAYATS, but the term is frequently loosely applied to the
LINGAYAT, which accounts for the large numbers under the head.
JANGAMS proper are said to be of three classes.

1.     PATTADHIKARIS : Who have definite head quarters.

2.     CHARAMURTIS : Who go from village to village preaching
the principles of the Lingayat Sect, and they are said to have five
MATHADIPATIS or religious heads at five places in the BELLARY
district, where the LINGAYATS are most numerous. There
Jangams are merely religious beggars.

3.     Many Jangams are priests to SUDRAS who are not
LINGAYATS.

V.      CENSUS OF INDIA 1901. VOLUME XXII-A HYDERABAD
- PART-II TABLES PAGE 168.
By MIRZA MEHDY KHAN incharge census operation.
Under the head "XVll-JNFERIOR RELIGIOUS MENDI CANTS.
Budaga Jangams and Jangams are 62114 (males 32138 females
29976) in Hyderabad Dominion in 1901. Which was almost two-
third of the mendicants population.

In 1921, the census Authorities for the first time made use of the
term "DEPRESSED CLASSES" in their census operations to in-
clude the down-trodden and socially degraded caste/ class. The
JANGAM community was included in the list of the then "DE-
PRESSED - CLASSES11 along with (1) Anamuk (2) Banjara (3)
Burbook (4) Chandala, (5) Dakkalwar, (6) Mala, (7) Madiga etc.,
the most down trodden castes of the society. The following Report
says thar "JANGAM have remained in social degradation and
have not endeavoured so far in "NIZAM DOMINION" to assert

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