in "COMPUTING EQUALITIES" Vide Page No.130.
ii) Among the many scheduled castes a few are untouchables.
All the Depressed classes are not untouchables. All the Depressed
classes are not untouchables as pointed out by Mr.EAH.Blunt.
To sum up it may be said that all untouchables are scheduled
castes. But not all scheduled castes are untouchabls. However in
common usage, the term Harijan denotes only the untouchables,
iii) Among the Scheduled castes a few are touchables.
The backward classes commission constituted under the
chairmanship of Sri. Kaka Saheb Kalelkar expressed the view
that "Although the untouchability of some of the communities in-
cluded in the list of "Scheduled castes was merely nominal, there
was no doubt about their backwardness and it was therefore felt
proper to retain all such names in the list.
As to the criterion to be applied in identifying a caste the
commission observed as follows:
"Scheduled castes could be identified by the criterion of
untouchability. In case of other castes although socially back-
ward, no such tangible criteria like that of untouchability could be
applied. We had therefore, to accept the general notion of social
hierarchy of high and low and to put together all those communi-
ties that were regarded as socially inferior, whatever connotation
this phrase may have to different people in different parts of the
(2) In 1919 The first separate representation on a number of
public bodies, was given to the "DEPRESSED CLASSES" and
the included untouchables atong with quite a scatter of others
such as the aboriginal tribes, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes.
Vide HARQLD.R. ISAACS in his book "INDIA'S EX-UNTOUCHA