tricts. The position continued to be the same til! 1976, when the
area restriction was removed by the scheduled castes and sched-
uled tribes order (Amendment) Act, 1976, extending the operation
of the provision to the other parts of the State so that a few fami-
lies of Beda (Budaga) Jangam living elsewhere in the state can
get the benefits meant for scheduled caste.
The records show that Beda (Budaga) Jangams are tradi-
tional hunters, fowlers and also cultivators/ agricultural workers.
They are invariably non-vegetarians. Some of them, it is reported,
eat all sorts of small animals like rats equirrain and even carrion.
They ware found only in a few villages living on the periphery.
They were allegedly treated as untouchables. The population of
these people according to Census figures was 1840 in 1961, and
1932 in 1971 inTelangana area. No records mention that a com-
munity by name Beda Jangam/Budaga Jangam existed in Andhra
Area. Even in Gazettes of Nellore, Kurnool and Guntur, the Beda/
Budaga Jangams find no place.
The Government received complaints that several persons
not belonging to scheduled castes but belonging to Jangam Com-
munity are obtaining scheduled caste certificates claiming to be
Beda *(Budaga) Jangam, because of the similarity between the
names at the two castes and thereby usurping the benefits reseved
for scheduled castes led that persons who claimed to belong to
Beda (Budaga) Jangam community are in fact members of Jangam
community which commands respect and stands specially supe-
rior, and they are called jangam devaras.They perform "Purohitam"
to Sudras and attend to funeral and death ceremonies of Sudras
including some scheduled castes, like mala and Madiga of
Shaivaite background.They Wow conches and ring a big bell while