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Full text of "The Ethnology Of Beda Badaga Jangam Caste In Andhra Pradesh"

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of the corpse to the burial ground. After cremation, Beda jangam
will return along with relations of the deceased to the house of
deceased. Beda Jangam will be paid by some of the relatives of
the deceased at the rate of "Beda Coin" worth two annas equal to
present twelve paise. Beda Jangam will take food in those fami-
lies except Malas and Madigas. He brings food to his family mem-
bers after eating food. This is main traditional heriditary/custom.

One of the avocations of Beda Jangam is to tell stories and
recites some legends i.e., Burra Kathalu known as Jangam
Kathalu, At the time of narrating stories, they use "Thambura"
and Budaga (Dinki known as Gummeta) since Beda jangam need
"Budaga at the time of telling stories, Beda jangam is also called
Budaga Jangam. Beda Jangam is losely called by General term
"jangam or Jangalu". Beda Jangam is segregated from Higher
Castes Hindus namely Brahmins, Kshatriyas and Vysyas etc.,
They are 99% non-vegetarians. Widow marriages are permissi-
ble in the caste. Kanyasulkam Bride Price "Voli" Rs.9/- to Rs.25A
are prevalent in the caste.

The income of the Beda Jangam by attending to funeral
rites (death ceremonies) with Sankhu and Ganta and by narrat-
ing Jangam Kathalu with Tambura and Budaga was not sufficient
for maintaining the family and so, Beda jangam had to resort to
agricultural labour, other works and beg alms from all houses in-
cluding Malas, Madigas in Makara Sankranti days only. Some of
the Beda Jangams have Talari jobs (village servants) as heriditary.
They are Misram Saivites but of late they are not performing Siva
Poq'a regularly. Jangamayyalu, who worship "Lord Siva" three
times a day. Jangams are purely vegetarians like Brahmins and
Vysyas. They will not perform funeral rites (death ceremonies) as