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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTION............................................Pages 1-26

CHAP. L—GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF EXPRESSION.
The three chief principles stated—The first principle—Serviceable ac-
tions become habitual in association with certain states of the mind,
and are performed whether or not of service in each particular case—
The force of habit—Inheritance—Associated habitual movements in
man—Keflex actions—Passage of habits into reflex actions—Asso-
ciated habitual movements in the lower animals—Concluding re-
marks ..................................................... 2T-49

CHAP. II.—GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF EXPRESSION—continued.

The Principle of Antithesis—Instances in the clog and cat—Origin of

the principle—Conventional signs—The principle of antithesis has

not arisen from opposite actions being consciously performed under

opposite impulses........................................... 50-65

CHAP. III.—GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF EXPRESSION—concluded.
The principle of the direct action of the excited nervous system on the
body, independently of the will and in part of habit—Change of
colour in the hair—Trembling of the muscles—Modified secretions—
Perspiration—Expression of extreme pain—Of rage, great joy, and
terror—Contrast between the emotions which cause and do not cause
expressive movements—Exciting and depressing states of the mind—
Summary.................................................. 66-82

CHAP. IY.—MEANS OF EXPRESSION IN ANIMALS.
The emission of sounds—Vocal sounds—Sounds otherwise produced—
Erection of the dermal appendages, hairs, feathers, &c., under the
emotions of anger and terror—The drawing back of the cars as a prep-
aration for fighting, and as an expression of anger—Erection of the

ears and raiding the head, a sign of attention................ 83-114

iii

HUNT LIBRARY
CA1NE6IE-HELLON UNIVERSITY