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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

CHAP. V.                              DOGS.

the "breed: greyhounds rarely bark, whilst the Spitz-dog
"barks so incessantly on starting for a walk with his mas-
ter that he becomes a nuisance.

An agony of pain is expressed by dogs in nearly the                            ^

same way as by many other animals, namely, by howl-                            <|

ing, writhing, and contortions of the whole body.                                     -I

Attention is shown by the head being raised, with                            i

the ears erected, and eyes intently directed towards the                            L

object or quarter under observation.    If it lie a sound                            f)

and the source is not known, the head is often turned                            |

oMiquely from side to side in a most significant manner,                            f1
apparently in order to judge with more exactness from

what point the sound proceeds.   But I have seen a dog                            i

greatly surprised at a new noise, turning his head to one                            y

side  through habit, though he  clearly perceived  the                             t1

source of the noise.   Dogs, as formerly remarked, when                             it

their attention is in any way aroused, whilst watching                            '

some object, or attending to some sound, often lift up                             I

one paw (fig. 4) and keep it doubled up, as if to make                             t

a slow and stealthy approach.                                                                     r

A dog under extreme terror will throw himself down,                            i

I.

howl, and void his excretions; but the hair, I believe,                             j

does not become erect unless some anger is felt. I have
seen a clog much terrified at a band of musicians who                             |

\vere playing loudly outside the house, with every mus-
cle of his body trembling, with his heart palpitating so
quickly that the beats could hardly be counted, and pant-
ing for breath with widely open mouth, in the same
manner as a terrified man does. Yet this dog had not
exerted himself; he had only wandered slowly and rest-
lessly aloout the room, and the day was cold.

Even a very slight degree of fear is invariably shown
by the tail being tucked in between the legs.   This tuck-
ing in of the tail is accompanied by the ears being drawn
"backwards; but they are not pressed closely to the head,
9