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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

146

EXPRESSION OF SUFFERING:       CHAP. VI.

CHAPTEE YI.

SPECIAL EXPRESSIONS 01? MAN: SUFFERING AND
WEEPING.

The screaming and weeping1 of infants—Forms of features
—Age at which weeping" commences—The effects of
habitual restraint on weeping-—Sobbing—Cause of the
contraction of the muscles round the eyes during
screaming1—Cause of the secretion of tears.

IN this and the following chapters the expressions
exhibited by Man under various states of the mind will
be described and explained, as far as lies in my power.
My observations will be arranged according to the order
which I have found the most convenient; and this will
generally lead to opposite emotions and sensations suc-
ceeding each other.

Suffering of tlie body and mind: weeping.—I have
already described in sufficient detail, in the third chap-
ter,, the signs of extreme pain, as shown by screams or
groans, with the writhing of the whole body and the
teeth clenched or ground together. These signs arc
often accompanied or followed by profuse sweating, pal-
lor, trembling, utter prostration, or faintness. No suf-
fering is greater than that from extreme fear or horror,
but here a distinct emotion comes into play, and will be
elsewhere considered. Prolonged suffering, especially of
'the mind, passes into low spirits, grief, dejection, and
despair, and these states will be the subject of the follow-