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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

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We Europeans are so accustomed to kissing as a
mark of affection,, that it might be thought to he innate
in mankind; but this is not the case. Steele was mis-
taken when he said " Nature was its author, and it began
with the first courtship." Jemmy Button, the Fuegian,
told me that this practice was unknown in his land. It
is equally unknown with the JSTew Zealanders, Tahitians,
Papuans, Australians, Somals of Africa, and the Esqui-
maux.22 But it is so far innate or natural that it appar-
ently depends on pleasure from close contact with a be-
loved person; and it is replaced in various parts of the
world, by the rubbing of noses, as with the New Zea-
. landers and Laplanders, by the rubbing or patting of
the arms, breasts, or stomachs, or by one man striking
his own face with the hands or feet of another. Perhaps
the practice of blowing, as a mark of affection, on vari-
ous parts of the body may depend on the same princi-

The feelings which are called tender are difficult to
analyse; they seem to be compounded of affection, joy,
and especially of sympathy. These feelings are in them-
selves of a pleasurable nature, excepting when pity is
too deep, or "horror is aroused, as in hearing of a tortured
man or animal. They are remarkable under our present
point of view from so readily exciting the secretion of
tears. Many a father and son have wept on meeting after
a long separation, especially if the meeting has been un-
. expected. No doubt extreme joy by itself tends to act
on the lacrymal glands; but on such occasions as the
foregoing vague thoughts of the grief which would have

22 Sir J. Lubbock, ' Prehistoric Times,' 2nd edit. 1869,
p. 552, gives full authorities for these statements. The
quotation from Steele is taken from this work.

28 See a full acotmt, with references, by K. B. Tylor,
' Researches into the Early History of Mankind,' 2nd *edit.
1870, p. 51.