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Full text of "Expression Of The Emotions In Man And Animals"

CHAP.

AXGER,

237

I
I

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CHAPTER X.

HATRED AND AXGEE.

Hatred—Rage, effects of on the system—Uncovering of the
teeth—Bag-e in the insane—Anger and indig-nation—As

expressed by the various races of man—Sneering autl
defiance—The uncovering' of the canine tooifi on one
side of the face.

IF we have suffered or expect to suffer some wilful
injury from a man, or If he Is In any way offensive to
us, we dislike him; and dislike easily rises into hatred.
Such feelings, if experienced In a moderate degree, are
not clearly expressed by any movement of the body or
features, excepting perhaps by a certain gravity of be-
haviour, or by some ill-temper. Few Individuals, how-
ever, can long reflect about a hated person, without feel-
Ing and exhibiting signs of Indignation or rage. But
if the offending person be quite insignificant, we ex-
perience merely disdain or contempt. If, on the other
hand, he Is all-powerful, then hatred passes into terror,
as when a slave thinks about a cruel master, or a
about a bloodthirsty malignant deity.1 Most of our
emotions are so closely connected with their expression,
that they hardly exist if the body remains passive—the
nature of the expression depending in chief part on the

1 See some remarks to this effect by Mr. Bains * The
Emotions and the Will,' 2nd edit. 1865, p." 127.