ANG-BE. CHAP. X. seen how naturally they take to biting, when in a passion. It seems as instinctive in them as in young crocodiles, who snap their little jaws as soon as they emerge from the egg. A grinning expression and the protrusion of the lips appear sometimes to go together. A close observer says that he has seen many instances of intense hatred (which can hardly be distinguished from rage, more or less sup- pressed) in Orientals, and once in an elderly English woman. In all these cases there " was a grin, not a scowl —the lips lengthening, the cheeks settling downwards, the eyes half-closed, whilst the brow remained perfectly calm." 1X This retraction of the lips and uncovering of the teeth during paroxysms of rage, as if to bite the offender, is so remarkable, considering how seldom the teeth are used by men in fighting, that I inquired from Dr. J. Grichton Browne whether the habit was common in the insane whose passions are unbridled. He informs me that he has repeatedly observed it both with the insane and idiotic, and has given me the following illustra- tions:— Shortly before receiving my letter, he witnessed an uncontrollable outbreak of anger and delusive jealousy in an insane lady. At first she vituperated her husband, and whilst doing so f oaineoT at the mouth. Next she ap- proached close to him with compressed lips, and a viru- lent set frown. Then she drew back her lips, especially •the corners of the upper lip, and showed her teeth, at the same time aiming a vicious blow at him. A second case is that of an old soldier, who, when he is requested to conform to the rules of the establishment, gives way •to discontent, terminating in fury. He commonly begins 11 * The Spectator,' July 1-1, 1868,- p. 819.